Organizational Design Movement
- Also known as the ‘neo-human relations school’ or ‘organizational psychology’, this was a group of writers who were influential in American and European business schools in the 1960s. The most notable OD theorists were (The Human Side of the Enterprise, 1960), (‘New Patterns of Management’, in , Management and Motivation, 1970), and (‘Understanding Human Behaviour in Organizations’, in , Modern Organization Theory, 1959). What these writers shared was a conviction that conventional formal organizations (see formal structure ) embodied the (regressive) psychological assumptions of their designers; that such organizations often resulted in psychological distress for individuals working within them; and that better organizational structures were possible. Each built loosely on the theories of Abraham H. Maslow . McGregor stresses the importance of the worker's self-fulfilment. Likert favoured restructuring the hierarchical command structure of organizations as a series of interlinked collaborating groups. Argyris argued against the dependence and frustration produced by the constraints of directive leadership and in favour of organizational designs which facilitated self-actualization among employees. These ideas became one of the principal elements feeding into the later Quality of Work Life Movement (see QWL Movement ), despite the fact that much of the OD programme rested on questionable empirical evidence, and an undemonstrated assumption that frustration of the higher needs in Maslow's needs hierarchy generated a narrow and destructive money-mindedness in employees.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Organizational patterns — are recurring structures of relationship, usually in a professional organization, that help the organization achieve its goals. The patterns are usually inspired by analyzing multiple professional organizations and finding common structures in… … Wikipedia
organizational analysis — ▪ management science Introduction in management science, the study of the processes that characterize all kinds of organizations, including business firms, government agencies, labour unions, and voluntary associations such as sports clubs … Universalium
Organizational studies — Organizational studies, sometimes known as organizational science, encompass the systematic study and careful application of knowledge about how people act within organizations. Organizational studies sometimes is considered a sister field for,… … Wikipedia
QWL Movement — (Quality of Work Life) Movement Initially a loosely organized network of a few dozen academics in the early 1970s, the QWL Movement had grown by the 1980s into an international grouping of trade union officials, personnel managers, and social… … Dictionary of sociology
Quality of Work Life Movement — (Quality of Work Life) Movement Initially a loosely organized network of a few dozen academics in the early 1970s, the QWL Movement had grown by the 1980s into an international grouping of trade union officials, personnel managers, and social… … Dictionary of sociology
Universal Design for Learning — (UDL) is an educational framework based on research in the learning sciences, including neuroanatomy, that guides the development of flexible learning environments that can accommodate individual learning differences [Rose, DH, Meyer, A (2002)… … Wikipedia
Participatory design — (known before as Cooperative Design ) is an approach to design attempting to actively involve all stakeholders (e.g. employees, partners, customers, citizens, end users) in the design process in order to help ensure the product designed meets… … Wikipedia
interior design — 1. the design and coordination of the decorative elements of the interior of a house, apartment, office, or other structural space, including color schemes, fittings, furnishings, and sometimes architectural features. 2. the art, business, or… … Universalium
Universal design — Disability Theory and models … Wikipedia
Anti-cult movement — The anti cult movement (abbreviated ACM and sometimes called the countercult movement) is a term used by academics and others to refer to groups and individuals who oppose cults and new religious movements. Sociologists David G. Bromley and Anson … Wikipedia